08 Wednesday July 2020
Contact Me: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Laryngitis, Tracheitis and bronchitis


Definition and Epidemiology:  
•    Inflammation of larynx, trachea and bronchi. 


Etiology:
•    Cause by sudden exposure to cold, inhalation of irritant gases or extension of infection.


Clinical symptoms:
Acute form:
•    Nasal discharge, dry painful cough , moist later, increase in pulse, respiration and temperature.
Chronic form:
•    Same but longer time, severe non painful cough, normal temperature. 


Treatment and prevention:
Line of Treatment and prevention:
•    Antibiotic according to cause e.g. Sulfamethazine, trimethoprim (Sulfamethoxazole), Procaine penicillin amoxicillin (oral or injectable).
•    Anti-inflammatory e.g.  Dexamethasone.
•    Mucolytic.