21 Sunday July 2019
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External Parasites:

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External parasites are common in falcons (we describe here just the most common ones).

They can cause irritations, as well as biting insects can transmit diseases.

Mainly irritations are caused by: Lice live permanently on the falcon, consuming skin flakes, feathers and sometimes blood. Affected birds are nervous and itchy. Growing feathers may be affected.

To the group of biting insects belong:

Mosquitoes.

Mites.

Ticks.

Louse flies.

The most common biting insect and very well known for the transmission of diseases, such as Poxvirus and Malaria, which can seriously affect falcons, are Mosquitoes.

Environmental control is the key to control mosquito exposure for your falcon.

But also Mites, like the Northern mite and the Red mite, are feeding on avian blood, especially at night, transmit diseases. Symptoms such as anemia are common.

Other ectoparasites which suck blood are Ticks. They sit in the unfeathered skin and are often found on the eyelids and the cere.

Ticks can also carry parasitic, viral and bacterial diseases.

Louse flies are flying insects which hide between the feathers of falcons. They are fast moving and difficult to detect, especially in the downy feathering of nestling. They also live off blood.

Treatment:

The treatment of internal parasites follows individually by spraying or removing the parasite.

But good hygiene, netting and electrical insect killers are more the key to control parasitic exposure for your falcon.